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Krishi Ka Rishi

Organic farming is more dangerous?

After Green Revolution’s adoption, when so many hazardous effects of chemical farming on the soil, water, environment and human health were appeared very seriously, then, rethinking was started about the existence of the Green Revolution, on some intellectual level and industrial level. They started to search the alternative for chemical farming. Actually, the intellectuals were searching that alternative, in which, the exploitation of the farmers and rural economy will be the main purpose or target. Green revolution had made the soil dead by destroying the soil biota and destroyed the humas creation process by introducing the clean farming technique. Agricultural Universities had introduced these destructive techniques very well. For that purpose, these Agricultural Universities are claimant for great Nobel Prize for their great job of destruction of the soil, water, environment, rural economy & human health. These intellectuals has devised a perfect alternative technology against chemical farming, in which, all those alternates were introduced, by which, the exploitation of the farmers economy, soil, water, environment will be increased than Green Revolution Technology. They has given the name for their this alternative technology as ‘Organic Farming’, ‘Alternative Farming’, ‘Sustainable Farming’, ‘Saawaya Krishi’, “Aero Greens Technology’, “Biodynamic Farming’, “Rhishi Krishi Technology’, “Agnihotra Farming’, “Rekki Farming’, and so on. All these techniques are alternative techniques, but unnatural and non-scientific techniques. Because, all these techniques are not in existence in the nature. All these alternative organic farming techniques are man made.

Organic farming has launched the surface feeder worm orm Eisenia Foetida of the class oligochata and family Cumbricidae, imported from Europe and Canada in India. Purpose? To destroy the all dried biomass on the soil, to destroy the animal casting and to add Cadmium, Arsenic and Mercury like poisonous heavy metals in the soil to destroy the soil health and human health. Because, the Eisenia Foetida does not eat soil, eats only casting and biomass, which are the main part of the humans creation.

Destructor beast: EISENIA FOETIDA

Now days, since 1990, in India there is continuous propaganda about vermicompost farming campaigning by many Non Government Agencies, which are funded by foreign funding agencies. Since 2001, some State Government and their Agricultural Departments started to enhance this propaganda about this vermi culture technology by giving the subsidies for vermicompost plants. All these NGO’s and Governments have established a earthworm variety, ‘Eisenia Foetida’, a foreign variety, imported from western countries. This ‘Eisenia Foetida variety is epigeic i.e. surface feeder that means surface dwelling species, which lives only on the organic matter available on the soil, may be any dried biomass of vegetative dead bodies and excretion of the animals. They do not burrow in to the soil. So, they cannot convert the deep soil in to casting, which is the richest stock of minerals necessary for plant growth. They feed on organic matter, as the result, the mulching of the organic matter on the soil, which is the cloths, sari of mother soil, is totally destroyed.

But, the local earthworms are the heart of the soil, they cannot feed on the castings or this Eisenia Foetida worm’s casting. This foreign variety of Eisenia Foetida cannot burrow the soil; cannot maintain physical and chemical properties of the soil; cannot cultivate the soil; cannot harvest rain water; cannot improve the soil ecosystem, cannot loose soil compaction, cannot maintain aeration in the soil, cannot maintain biodiversity and microbial activities in the soil, cannot feed those pathogens in the soil, which cause diseases to the crops; in contrary they release these pathogens through their cast, remains on the soil and damage the crops. (Dr. Murti, Dr. Nikhil Kumar). None of any single character of the local earthworm above given, is not present in this foreign worm.

Several species of foreign worms, including this Eisenia Foetida accumulate in their bodies, highly toxic heavy metals such as Lead (Pb), Arsenic (As) and Cadmium (Cd), which are transferred into their castings. The amount of heavy toxic metals stored in this worm body are in several folds quantity, that found in their surroundings and increases proportionally with increasing concentrations in the surroundings. I will astonish or astound you, that in United States of America, for assessing heavy metals contamination in the stock of waste materials, this Eisenia Foetida is used as a bio-monitor organism (Dr. Dhyaneshwar Shukla & Dr. Mishra). This is the prominent evidence about the toxic effect of its vermi casting. I was surprised, when I thought about this Eisenia Foetida, that how these worms survive even such high amount of heavy metals consumed in their bodies! That means, it is to be believe, that their tolerance limits for the heavy metals are very high. None of like these surface feeder worms i.e. human being, animals, birds have this capacity to consume heavy toxic metals. I inform you, that heavy metals adversely affect the reproduction and even cause death of birds, which feed on such a surface feeder worms Eisenia Foetida. No body on this earth will deny that, there are severe toxic effects of these heavy metals on the human health.

An another drawback about this vermicompost casted by these surface feeder worms Eisenia Foetida is that, these worms convert considerable amounts of the heavy metals (Cadmium, Mercury, Lead, Arsenic) into that form, which is readily absorbable i.e. bio-available by the roots of the plants, and the roots absorb these poisonous heavy metals and ultimately at last, by the human being feeder of that food. These heavy metals enters in the food chains from vermi casting to plants to grains, vegetables, fruits to human’s intestine towards one of the cause of human diseases like Cancer, Diabetes, Heart trouble, Aids, T.B. etc. While raining in rainy season or giving the irrigation water to the soil, these toxic heavy metals dissolve in that rainwater or irrigation water and finally contaminate the ground water resources, which we drink and accept and consume the toxic heavy metals in our body tissues by means of drinking water (Dr. Murti & Dr. Kumar).

It is surprising that, NGO’s and Government Agricultural Departments and Agricultural Universities also recommend vermicompost to the farmers strongly and with the full force of extension network, but, they have not established any quality control agency to analyze the specimens of this vermicompost and to test the amount of the toxic heavy metals, as well as, to test the feeds which is fed to these worms. There are no any quality control workings about that agricultural production, which are grown only on the vermicompost in organic farming. There is no any Government agency to test the pathogenic concentration in the vermicompost and agricultural produce, which causes diseases to human being. I think, that all supporters of this hazardous vermicompost theory or dangerous organic farming have taken their eyes closed, have taken their ears closed, have taken their thinking power closed, have taken their spirituality closed. Why? What is the reason?

Another drawback (black dirty face) of these Eisenia Foetida is that, it is not actually soil quality improver, but it is really a manure or compost species and cannot survive long or thrive in farm soils (Grant, 1995). Any increase in the yield of crop after adding these Eisenia Foetida to the soil by means of vermicompost, are short lived, and due to the decomposition of dead worms rather than to worm activity. Any given area of soil can support a certain limited earthworm population and adding more than this will not increase fertility unless more organic food is supplied and soil conditions improved (Grant, 1995). Gish and Christensen (1973) reported the amount of heavy toxic metals up to 331 ppm of Lead and 670 ppm of Zinc in the body of these worms. It is observed that, there is a correlation between residues of heavy metals quantity in the bodies of these surface feeder worms and decreasing atomic weight of the soil. There is a straight relation of the quantity of the heavy metals in the soil and used vermicompost quantity.

When these worms are fed to the birds or animals, it is reported heavy metals in large quantity in their body tissues comparative to unfed birds and animals (Christensen 1973, Ireland 1975). Van Hook (1974) reported and showed that, mean Cadmium levels were 0.35 ppm in the soil and 5.7 ppm in these worms, 17 times more; Lead 27 ppm, Zinc 317 ppm, ten times more Selenium (Nielsen & Gissel-Nielsen 1975). These worms have been reported as vectors of an animal virus, the food and mouth disease of domestic animals (Dhennin Etal 1963). Many animal parasites are transmitted from host to host by these Eisenia Foetida worms, which may be either essential intermediate host or merely reservoir host to the parasites, transmitting them without any direct influence on the parasites life cycles. These worms are conductors of tapeworms and nematodes toward crops, in which vermicompost is utilized. Brown and Mitchell (1981) have shown that the concentrations of a major disease organism of poultry Salmonella species are reduced by the presence of Eisenia Foetida. That means, these worms feeds these pathogens, accumulate in their body tissues and ultimately donate to the food eater human being and animals by means of vermicompost organic farming. Augustinc & Lund 1974 and Jakovlijevic 1975 have shown that, the parasitic nematode Ascaris Suum in Pig and Ascaridia Galli in chickens are transmitted by these worms. Various unpublished reports suggest that Eisenia Foetida is disasterful not only for Cattle, Poultry, Pig but for Fish also.

Hogg 1895, Gish & Christensen 1973, Hartenstein 1980, Beyer 1981 & Ireland have reported accumulation of Lead, Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Nickel, Mercury and Zinc, hazardous toxic heavy metals in the vermicompost & these worms body tissues. They reported again, that worms seem to tolerate large concentration of these metals in their tissues. They reported that these worms accumulate poisonous agro chemicals also and feed the soil this poison through vermicompost.

This Eisenia Foetida worm belongs to Phulum: Annelida, Class:Oligochacta and family Cumbricidae, red or purple or brown-yellowish colored, 32 to 130 mm length, 80 to 110 segmented, 1.5 gm weight, a British species found in all over Europe and introduced in North America & Canada for commercial purpose. It is an anthrop chorus species that thrives well between the temperature range of 16oC to 23oC. It cannot survive in the extreme cold or hot condition. It produces casts that are entirely fragmented litter. It cannot survive long in farm soil; any increase in harvest is short lived, as they require symbiotic protozoa’s for maturity and survival.

Is Eisenia Foetida an earthworm?

No! It is not an earthworm. Scientists have cleared the definition of earthworm as follows- “It is that worm, which survive in local environment, eats soil particles in vast quantity, sand particles, raw reddish or yellowish stone particles, sandstones, organic matter and diseases maker pathogens. It digs the soil deep up to moist 15 ft. strata and ploughs the soil, cultivates the soil, stores the deep minerals saturated soil on the surface of the soil and do available to the roots of vegetation, stores the rain water in the soil and do available to the roots of the vegetation. If there is no any feeding material to eat, it do not escape towards other farm, do not leave that farm, but in this adverse condition, it goes in deep moist soil layer and take Samadhi there. It eats those pathogens, which cause diseases to the plants and kill them. It does not eat the casting or excreta of any other organism. It improves the soil texture, structure and biodiversity in the soil. It prevents soil compaction. It eats too much little organic matter, mulch more soil particles. It improves and develops not only the physical and chemical properties of soil, but also the soil ecosystem.

They make numerous channels and burrows during up and down continuous movement and consume total rainfall in the soil and control famine, as well as, circulate sufficient aeration in the soil to maintain Waaphasa i.e. to available oxygen to the roots and soil microbes. They increase the surface area for absorption of water, during intense rainfall also, by increasing the conductivity aiding adequate drainage in the soil. They facilitate transport of nitrogen and oxygen through these channels to other organisms, by creating a suitable environment for other soil organisms. They spray the liquid secretion from there body on the walls of the channels in the soil, in which, there are so many nourishment factors, growth hormones, proteins, alkaloids etc., which are very essential for the growth of the plants and soil microbes’.

Organic Farming is more Costlier

When you add one ton (two bullock cart load) of farmyard manure, cost of that one ton F.Y.M. is 300 to 400 Rs. and rate of one ton of vermicompost (Eisenia Foetida Excreta) is from 4000 to 5000 Rs., in big cities, it is 10000 Rs per ton. How much exploitation? 10 to 20 times more exploitation in organic farming. The rate of one bag of Urea (50 kg) 250 Rs. The rate of industrial organic fertilizer 50 Kg bag 550 Rs. Doubled the exploitation in organic farming. What are the ingredients of these organic fertilizers? Some cake of Neem, Castor oil cake, Karanj cake, some part of wooden husks, compost manures and some quantity may be nitrogenous fertilizer. This mixture is grinded, filled in the 50 Kg bag, labeled by very attractive multi coloured label and price 550 Rs! Doubled exploitation of the farmers and rural economy. The rate of one-litre Endo-Sulphan insecticides is 225 Rs. In the organic farming industrial vegetative organic insecticide is prepared by Neem leaves, Karanj leaves, Lanten Cammella leaves, Cow urine, all are priceless inputs and make the organic insecticide. Price? 1100 Rs per litre. May be more! Four times exploitation in this organic farming than chemical farming. Cost of production of each crop is higher, multifolded in organic or biodynamic farming than chemical farming.While practicing organic farming, you have to expend more for each input and you have to purchase it.

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